Moshcowitz initially described pes anserine bursitis in the 1930s as an inflammation of the pes anserine bursa underlying the conjoined tendons of the gracilis and semitendinosus muscles and separating them from the head of the tibia. He defined the condition based on his observation of this type of bursitis in older adults with arthritis. He also described the musculi sartorii bursa between the tendon of the sartorius muscle and the conjoined tendons of the gracilis and semitendinosus, which can communicate with the pes anserine bursa proper. For the most part, both bursae are regarded collectively as the pes anserine bursa. The flat foot, also called pes planus , is pronated with a flattened longitudinal arch.The hindfoot may be in valgus. Occasionally, there is an associated accessory navicular bone. In this congenital deformity, the ossification center of the navicular tuberosity fails to fuse to the main bone and remains a bony prominence on the medial side of the foot. These are often locally symptomatic and require protection or surgical excision. Usually the original onset of a flat foot problem creates restrictions in the foot functional activity and with the introduction of different artificial support systems, such as foot orthodics, this problem is temporarily moved aside, but not solved. Related to plantarfasciitis is a heel pain or spur. The longitudinal ligament hasit's origin on the plantar anterior surface of the calcaneum(heel) bone. When the ligament is stretched too far, it pulls onthis attachment area. It can become inflamed and sore. If theproblem persist, the body may try to heal it by reinforcing theattachment area by adding bone. This is just as the body heals afractured bone. A hormone is secreted that is drawn to theinflammation site. Chemically this hormone draws calcium out ofthe blood stream and deposits it in layers over time to theinjured area. If the process continues long enough a spur of bonemay be laid down. Flat foot , or pes planus, is a common foot condition that the podiatrists of South Florida Foot & Ankle Centers treat, which can affect infants, children and adults. Although flat foot symptoms are not as common as the disorder itself, it can sometimes cause pain and other irritable conditions that can lead to other health concerns. Whether you’ve inherited flat foot or you developed this condition as an adult, from an injury or rheumatoid arthritis , there are ways to treat the pain and discomfort you may feel because of pes planus There's a definite relationship between a sinus infection and tooth pain. Maxillary sinusitis pain can be felt throughout the jaw, teeth, cheeks and eyes. Pain is most often felt along the top row of teeth and causes swelling of the palate. Despite the close relationship between a sinus infection and toothache, there are ways to determine if the pain is sinus related or dental related. Xerostemia (dry mouth) is a condition that causes a lack of saliva. While everyone experiences this dryness from time to time, chronic dry mouth can lead to dental problems and issues with eating and digestion. Treatment will depend on the exact cause of the xerostemia. Patients with plantar fasciitis often complain of such foot pain after standing up in the morning or after a long period of sitting. The pain originates just in front of the heel bone, but can spread over the entire bottom of the foot. Over time, inflammation associated with the condition can lead to the development of scar tissue, calcium deposits and eventually a heel spur, which is a bony growth that can cause excessive stress on the plantar fascia and lead to a mild form of plantar fasciitis. Discover How to Eliminate Plantar Fasciitis and Foot Pain In As Little As 72 Hours and Cure It Completely Within 30 Days! People affected by inflammatory conditions such as subtalar arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc., could also experience pain in the sinus tarsi region. At times, the symptoms might be experienced due to a degenerative joint disease. The inflammatory changes that take place in the sinus tarsi region could also lead to compression of the nerves located in this region, thereby leading to pain. The ligaments could also develop tears due to inflammatory processes. Pain could arise due to injuries to talocrural interosseous and cervical ligaments that lead to the inflammation of the synovial membrane, or scar tissue formation in the sinus tarsi region.